Reports and Documents of Interest

Jobs in manufacturing and retail were among the most at risk from the new technologies, the report said. The study estimated that 30% of existing jobs in the UK were potentially at a high risk of automation, compared with 38% in the US, 35% in Germany and 21% in Japan. John Hawksworth, chief economist at PwC, told the BBC that "more manual, routine jobs" which "can effectively be programmed" were the most at risk.
"Jobs where you've got more of a human touch, like health and education," would be safer, he said.

Robotics and artificial intelligence could affect almost a third of UK jobs by the 2030s, according to a study.

Robots and Jobs

Flying drones and robots now patrol distribution warehouses - they've become workhorses of the e-commerce era online that retailers can't do without. It is driving down costs but it is also putting people out of work ... Two drones can do the work of 100 humans over the same time period, according to supply chain specialist, Argon Consulting. (November 2017)

The firm that can 3D print human body parts ...Currently focused on growing cartilage and skin cells suitable for testing drugs and cosmetics, Erik, 28, believes that within 20 years it could be used to produce organs that are actually fit for human implantation. (November 2017)

3D-printed human body parts

3D printed robots

Sophia the citizen robot

Saudi Arabia made history by becoming the first country to grant nationality to a robot. Sophie, the humanoid robot, said that she was “honoured”, whilst addressing an audience in Riyadh - citizenship (October 2017)

Sophie the citizen robot

Sophie the citizen robot

The robot lawyers are here - and they’re winning

Amid the dire predictions of occupations that will be decimated by artificial intelligence and automation, there is one crumb of comfort. Yes, lorry drivers, translators and shop assistants are all under threat from the rise of the robots, but at least the lawyers are doomed too.
That at least may be your conclusion when you hear about a fascinating contest that took place last month. It pitched over 100 lawyers from many of London's ritziest firms against an artificial intelligence program called Case Cruncher Alpha.
Both the humans and the AI were given the basic facts of hundreds of payment protection insurance mis-selling cases and asked to predict whether the UK Financial Ombudsman would allow a claim.
In all, they submitted 775 predictions and the computer won hands down, with Case Cruncher getting an accuracy rate of 86.6%, compared with 66.3% for the lawyers. (October 2017)

Lawyer robots

Lawyer robots

Robots making ethical decisions

We are not used to the idea of machines making ethical decisions, but the day when they will routinely do this - by themselves - is fast approaching.

Machines making ethical decisions

Robots & Ethics

Are robots replacing us?

That's no longer a question, but a reality in many industries. There will be more than 1.3 million industrial robots in service globally by 2018. The World Economic Forum estimates that by 2020, robots will cost 5 million jobs in 15 major economies. The current global leader in industrial robotic automation is South Korea, followed by Japan. But China is catching up, and robots there are increasingly interacting with customers. (July 2017)

Are robots replacing us

Can robots be 'culturally sensitive'?

Care for the elderly could be revolutionised through a £2.5m ground-breaking international study to build culturally aware robots. (July 2017)


Cultural Aware robots

(Conducted by TNS Opinion & Social at the request of EU Directorate-General for Information Society and Media (INSFO) - September 2012) 97pages